U.S. Murder Crime Stats Throughout the Years
Crime within the United States of America has dated back to the early colonization days. However, throughout the years, crime rates have varied and there was a sudden rise after 1963. However, the sudden rise would finally reach it’s between during the 1970s until the early 1990s.
Since the early 1990s, the crime rate has declined tremendously within the United States of America. However, you should also note that the crime rate is about the same as it was in the 1960s.
Crime statistics on certain crimes are typically indexed and handled under the Uniform Crime Reports, which is brought to us by the Federal Bureau of Investigation along with the annual National Crime Victimization Surveys, which is handled with the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Alongside the Uniform Crime Report, the FBI also handles annual reports on the various statues of law enforcement throughout the United States.
These reports define certain crimes that are standard within the American law enforcement agencies.
The FBI will index crimes that happen within the United States. These crimes include property crime and violent crime.
Violent crimes will include the following five offenses:
- Gang Violence
- Non-negligent Manslaughter
- Aggravated Assault
Property crimes will include the following four offenses:
- Motor Vehicle Theft
Crime Throughout the Years
Violent crime over the long-term picture in the United States has been on a downward spiral since the colonial times.
During the 1700, the homicide rate was around 30 per 100,000 individuals, but by the 1800 the rate has dropped to 20 per 100,000 individuals. Now in the 1900s the homicide rate went to below 10 per 100,000 individuals.
After World War II, in the United States, the crime rate started on an upward spiral where it peaked out between the 1970s to the early 1990s.
During 1960 to about its peak in 1991, violent crimes were quadrupled with the major increase of crimes happening throughout the United States.
However, property crimes had more than doubled during this same time period as well.
But, since the early 1990s, even though if you it is highly misconstrued, that the crime in the United States of America has been on a downward spiral. It has steadily lessened throughout the years.
People have come up with a few different theories as to why this decline in crimes have been going on for the past few decades. The theories are:
- The police officers have increased in numbers since the 1990s.
- President Bill Clinton signed into law the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act on September 16, 1994. This act was to improve local and state-level law enforcement, while also providing crime and prison prevention programs. This was one of the main reasons why the United States saw such a sharp decline in the 1990s.
- The inmate population throughout the United States has steadily increased since the middle of the 1970s.
- Within the middle of the 1980s the crack-cocaine market grew tremendously but died out about a decade later.
- Abortion was made legal, which allowed mothers to abort babies they did not want rather than have them and the children be a product of their environment and become criminals.
- The ever-changing demographics of the aging population of people in the United States.
- Income on the rise
A report from 2013 brought to you by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, between the years of 2005 up to 2012, that in the United States the average homicide rate was around 4.9 per 100,000 individuals. The average rate globally ends up being about 6.2 per 100,000 individuals.
But we should state that the United States was one of the higher murder rates compared to all other developed countries, which only had an average of 0.8 per 100,000 people.
In the United States, during the 2004 year, their average homicide rate was at 5.5 per 100,000 individuals, which was six times as much as Italy and Germany, and three times as much as Canada.
Upon taking a deeper look into the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data this shows that per capita homicide rates throughout the last 3 decades in major cities such as New Orleans have an annual homicide rate for 52 per 100,000 individuals overall. Which is the highest out of all United States cities with their annual homicide total?
In the year of 2018, the United States homicide rate came in at 5 per 100,000, which resulted in a total of around 15,498 murders throughout all the United States.